What Is Blood Pressure? Blood pressure is recorded with two numbers.
The systolic pressure (higher number) is the force at which
your heart pumps blood around your body.
The diastolic pressure (lower
number) is the resistance to the blood flow in the blood vessels.
They're both measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
As a general guide;
High blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg
Ideal blood pressure is considered to
be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg
Low blood pressure is considered to
be 90/60mmHg or lower
blood pressure reading between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg could
mean you're at risk of developing high blood pressure if you
don't take steps to keep your blood pressure under control.
Risks Of High Blood
Pressure If your blood pressure is too high, it
puts extra strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs,
such as the brain, kidneys and eyes.
Persistent high blood pressure
can increase your risk of a number of serious and potentially
life-threatening conditions, such as;
Peripheral arterial disease
If you have high blood pressure, reducing
it even a small amount can help lower your risk of these conditions
Check Your Blood Pressure The only way of knowing whether you have
high blood pressure is to have a blood pressure test.
All adults over 40 are advised to have their blood pressure
checked at least every five years. Getting this done
is easy and could save your life.
You can get
your blood pressure tested at a number of places, including;
At your GP surgery
At some pharmacies
As part of your NHS Health Check
In some workplaces
A Home blood pressure monitor
To book an your
appointment please ask one of our receptionists to book your
Causes Of High Blood Pressure It's not always clear what causes high
blood pressure, but certain things can increase your risk.
You're at an increased risk of high blood
pressure if you;
Are over the age of 65
Are overweight or obese
Are of African or Caribbean descent
Have a relative with high blood pressure
Eat too much salt and don't eat enough
fruit and vegetables
Don't do enough exercise
Drink too much alcohol or coffee
(or other caffeine-based drinks)
Don't get much sleep or have disturbed sleep
Making healthy lifestyle changes can help
reduce your chances of getting high blood pressure and help
lower your blood pressure if it's already high.
Reduce Your Blood Pressure The following lifestyle changes can help
prevent and lower high blood pressure;
Reduce the amount of salt you eat and have
a generally healthy diet
Cut back on alcohol if you drink too
Lose weight if you're overweight
Cut down on caffeine
Try to get at least six hours of sleep a
Some people with high blood pressure may
also need to take one or more medicines to stop their blood
pressure getting too high.
Medicines For High Blood Pressure If you're diagnosed with high blood pressure,
your doctor may recommend taking one or more medicines to
keep it under control.
These usually need to be taken once a day.
Common blood pressure medications include;
ACE inhibitors – such as enalapril,
lisinopril, perindopril and ramipril
Angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs) –
such as candesartan, irbesartan, losartan, valsartan and
Calcium channel blockers – such as
amlodipine, felodipine and nifedipine or diltiazem and verapamil.
Diuretics – such as indapamide and
Beta-blockers – such as atenolol and
bisoprolol Alpha-blockers – such as doxazosin
Renin inhibitors – such as aliskiren
Other diuretics – such as amiloride
The medication recommended for you will
depend on things like how high your blood pressure is
and your age.
For test results,
please contact the practice between 2.30PM and 4.30PM